Added Value often refers to the analysis undertaken by management of the cost and contribution made by employees involved at each stage in the process of producing a product or providing a service.
Appraisal Schemes - an individual's performance is reviewed by their manager. Their past performance is examined and future goals are set.
Benchmarking measures standards of performance against others doing similar work.
Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) refers to the methods by which a company or service undertakes a thorough review of all its operations.
Business Units often have their own Trading Accounts and operate with relative autonomy from the rest of the company or service.
Continuous Improvement (Kaizen) requires employees to constantly seek ways of improving the quality of the product or service.
Delayering is the removal of middle layers of management resulting in a 'flatter' management organisation.
Dismissal is when you are removed from employment
Empowerment/Enablement are strategies aimed to give people more control and responsibility for their work
Flexibility describes changes in the size of the workforce, depending on short-term changes in market conditions