Dismissal is described as your work contract being brought to an end. This doesn't apply to situations where you have chosen to leave employment.
Unfair dismissal occurs when an employee is dismissed on unfair grounds.
All employees are protected by the 'Employment Rights Act of 1996'. This act gives the employee the right not to be dismissed unfairly and also the right to claim unfair dismissal at an employment tribunal.
Usually you have to have been employed by a company for two years before the 'Employment Rights Act' protects you. If you are dismissed due to the following circumstances, you will be protected by the Act at any time:
- Being a trusteeship of a pension
- Union membership
- Refusing to become a union member
- Union activities
- Carrying out health and safety duties